Today, Belarus is not the most drinking country in the world. According to the world health organization, the leader according to this indicator, Lithuania with 16 liters of alcohol per capita. However, we are not as far: with 15 liters of alcoholic drinks a citizen of Belarus took the not so honourable second place.
Why Belarusians drink so much? How to deal with it?
How to win no less terrible disease — addiction? These questions at the round table on the theme: “Women against alcoholism and drugs” were discussed by the deputies of the Chamber of representatives, members of the primary organization of public Association “Belarusian Union of women” of the house of representatives of the National Assembly. The meeting was held on the basis of the Minsk regional clinical center “Psychiatry — addiction.”
In modern society for many years is a struggle with social problems such as alcoholism and drug addiction, — said the Deputy of the house of representatives, the Chairman of the primary organization of public Association “Belarusian women’s Union” Olga PETRASHOVA. The solution to this problem, along with medical and social workers engaged in the state as a whole, civil society and various public institutions.
On the register of drug addicts in the Republic of Belarus is about 3% of the population — and it is only after alcohol. The indicator was calculated taking into account newborns, grandparents, — said the chief doctor of Minsk regional clinical center “Psychiatry — narcology”, Lyudmila ANDREEVA. — If we consider only relative to the male population of the country, it will be 8%. But if we are talking about the village, there is about 14% of the able-bodied men aged 20 to 39 years, and about 4% of women on the register of drug addicts.
No less serious problem called Lyudmila Andreeva and drugs that today in its chemical composition have become quite diverse. This led to the fact that drug-dependent people began to form much faster. “From the very first or second dose, the man begins addictive,” added the major.
What causes these problems?
According to many participants of the round table, it all starts with family. If parents can instill in children the culture of drinking, they talk about the negative consequences of addiction, like alcohol, like drugs, is the right approach to this issue will surely be good. In addition, during the school period permanent contact with students in this regard, it is necessary to maintain teachers and school psychologists, are sure the participants of the round table.
How to overcome these challenges?
According to Olga Petrashova, is an effective prevention, promotion of healthy lifestyles, examples of the social and health consequences of consumption of alcohol and drugs will help to overcome these very difficult problems.Restricting the sale of alcohol only at certain times and does not solve the issue, I’m sure a member of the standing Committee on legislation of the house of representatives Alla COPIKOVA. “I guess there is some percentage of people who suddenly, in the middle of the night wanted to buy alcohol. But usually, if a person plans to do this thing, it can buy in advance, — said the Deputy. And such stringent measures are not always lead to the desired result.” The MP recalled that during the so-called dry law, even for non-alcoholic weddings “kettles poured the alcohol.”